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he costs of automobile usage, which may include the cost of: acquiring the vehicle, repairs, maintenance, fuel, depreciation, parking fees, tire replacement, taxes and insurance,[30] are weighed against the cost of the alternatives, and the value of the benefits – perceived and real – of vehicle usage. The benefits may include on-demand transportation, mobility, independence and convenience.[7]

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Main article: Effects of the automobile on societies

Similarly the costs to society of encompassing automobile use, which may include those of: maintaining roads, land use, pollution, public health, health care, and of disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life,

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can be balanced against the value of the benefits to society that automobile use generates. The societal benefits may include: economy benefits, such as job and wealth creation, of automobile production and maintenance, transportation provision, society wellbeing derived from leisure and travel opportunities, and revenue generation from the tax opportunities. The ability for humans to move flexibly from place to place has far reaching implications for the nature of societies.[31]

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Environmental impact
The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Please improve this article and discuss the issue on the talk page. Further information: Global warming

Transportation is a major contributor to air pollution in most industrialised nations. According to the American Surface Transportation Policy Project nearly half of all Americans are breathing unhealthy air. Their study showed air quality in dozens of metropolitan areas has got worse over the last decade.[32] In the United States the average passenger car emits 11,450 lbs (5 tonnes) of carbon dioxide, along with smaller amounts of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and nitrogen.[33]

Animals and plants are often negatively impacted by automobiles via habitat destruction and pollution. Over the lifetime of the average automobile the “loss of habitat potential” may be over 50,000 square meters (538,195 square feet) based on Primary production correlations.[34]

Fuel taxes may act as an incentive for the production of more efficient, hence less polluting, car designs (e.g. hybrid vehicles) and the development of alternative fuels. High fuel taxes may provide a strong incentive for consumers to purchase lighter, smaller, more fuel-efficient cars, or to not drive. On average, today’s automobiles are about 75 percent recyclable, and using recycled steel helps reduce energy use and pollution.[35] In the United States Congress, federally mandated fuel efficiency standards have been debated regularly, passenger car standards have not risen above the 27.5 miles per US gallon (8.55 L/100 km; 33.0 mpg-imp) standard set in 1985. Light truck standards have changed more frequently, and were set at 22.2 miles per US gallon (10.6 L/100 km; 26.7 mpg-imp) in 2007.[36] Alternative fuel vehicles are another option that is less polluting than conventional petroleum powered vehicles.


Other negative effects

Residents of low-density, residential-only sprawling communities are also more likely to die in car collisions[original research?] which kill 1.2 million people worldwide each year, and injure about forty times this number.[25] Sprawl is more broadly a factor in inactivity and obesity, which in turn can lead to increased risk of a variety of diseases.[37]


Driverless cars
Main article: Driverless car

Fully autonomous vehicles, also known as robotic cars, or driverless cars, already exist in prototype, and are expected to be commercially available around 2020. According to urban designer and futurist Michael E. Arth, driverless electric vehicles—in conjunction with the increased use of virtual reality for work, travel, and pleasure—could reduce the world’s 800,000,000 vehicles to a fraction of that number within a few decades.[38] This would be possible if almost all private cars requiring drivers, which are not in use and parked 90% of the time, would be traded for public self-driving taxis that would be in near constant use. This would also allow for getting the appropriate vehicle for the particular need—a bus could come for a group of people, a limousine could come for a special night out, and a Segway could come for a short trip down the street for one person. Children could be chauffeured in supervised safety, DUIs would no longer exist, and 41,000 lives could be saved each year in the U.S. alone.[39][40]


Future car technologies

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Modify in Bankruptcy Laws

Debtor Schooling Program

In accordance with the new laws in bankruptcy, bankruptcy credit counseling must be received inside 180 days of filing for bankruptcy, and this session should contain a budgetary evaluation. Another valuable inclusion in the new laws is a debtor schooling course.

Do Not Believe in

These kinds of new laws help men and women deal with problematic predicaments in life in a superior and much more harmonious way. Folks really should know what they are receiving themselves into when they file for bankruptcy and they need to know what they face right after filing for this process. Hopefully this is the very last time this occurs and arrive to comprehend not to trust politicians like Barnie Frank who carry on to lie about Fannie and Freddie.

There have been a number of modifications built with regards to bankruptcy laws not long ago and most of these modifications can be very best explained by a bankruptcy attorney. This is their duty and they take this really seriously. They continue to be abreast on any new developments in this domain.

Bankruptcy Laws have been Reviewed

No 1 can file for bankruptcy a lot more than the moment in 8 many years. The filer’s income really should be below state median revenue. A effectively learnt bankruptcy attorney will lessen the filer’s income in no time, and will obey the recent laws. While the filer is entitled to retain most possessions like their luxury car, artwork work, jewellery, and so forth., any non-exempt property should be handed around. The new bankruptcy laws entail monthly payment to creditors for a period of all around three to 5 many years and borrowers are advised to seek out and sign up for bankruptcy credit score counseling. Surely a person need to enlist and use a beneficial bankruptcy attorney while filing for bankruptcy. This is not a scenario wherever you want to hope your bankruptcy attorney is performing the correct factor. You have only a modest loophole to get it proper and you do not get that numerous houses in your existence.

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Conflict Resolution Tips – Dealing With Politics In Resistance To Modification Management

Perspectives on politics vary. There’s the negative read, that sees politics because the exercise of private power used for private gain and at the other end of the spectrum the positive read, that sees politics as a social power used to make motivation or to accomplish cluster goals.

Nevertheless whether or not you’re tuned in to it or not, and irrespective of whether or not you perceive it or not, in corporate life (and particularly in the UK – where I live and work) the political dimension is all-important.
The upper your contacts are up the ladder, within an organisation, the greater the extent to that the political dimension is important.

At director level, in all massive organisations, the political dimension will shape the decision creating method very significantly and can often be the key determining factor.

Personal power in an organisational context will be described as the flexibility to influence another person to do what you want, when and the way you wish them to do it without having to change your own behaviour in ways that you do not need to.

Symbols of political power and influence embody things like: early access to critical and “insider” data; being sought out for an opinion by senior folks; obtaining favoured individuals into jobs; exercising management of key resources and influencing an agenda.

Sources of power cowl a good spectrum: legitimate power – based on position, appointment and contract; coercive power – the means that to force somebody to do one thing; referent power – based on charisma and the ability of personality; expert power – based on information and specialist expertise; and information power – because the supply of vital information.

Influence can be described as the method of adjusting in some means the thoughts, perspective, behaviour and feelings of another person.

Politics in an organisational context is the utilization of power and influence. It has been said that politics is merely how power gets figured out on a practical day-to-day basis.

Perceive the political self-interest of the people and teams you are dealing with is therefore essential in implementing amendment, as at its most basic level effective change management involves trade-offs so as to be lasting.

How to house resistance created or exacerbated by political factors

(1) Get sooner than the sport by endeavor some kind of early political assessment as part of your cultural analysis and mapping of informal personal networks

(two) Don’t wait until a political issue becomes essential, as now it will have gained momentum, and it is most likely visiting be too late.

(three) Do not take action to quash resistance but solely to accomplish a positive goal. This could after all mean sidelining, removing or replacing deeply resistant individuals. This is often a heavy and important purpose, as there can always be people who will resist modification to the death. The tendency is to expend a lot of energy attempting to induce them on side. John Kotter says: “Forget it, dispose of them, irrespective of who they’re in terms of power or relationship to you as a result of if you allow them to within the tent they will do therefore much damage they can undermine the change.”

Here are some practical “hands on” methods for coping with politics in resistance to vary management

(a) Specialise in the specifics and details of the transactional aspects of the work. When people are focused on truly doing the work, they have far less time and energy for participating in politics.

(b) Focus your attention on the “bread and butter” basic, commonplace transactional aspects that don’t involve “specials” and “exceptions”. This can mean that you do not need to involve the “professional” help or information of the “queen bee” political movers and shakers.

(c) Isolate and group together all of your “specials”, “exceptions”, work-arounds and non-normal transactions for the attention of “special ones” those you have identified as political movers and shakers – or as they like to determine themselves – the “queen bees”.

(d) Take advantage of the increased opportunities to make relationships and communicate with individuals as you have interaction with them on the specifics and details of the transactional aspects of actually doing the work.

(e) As a guideline, continually remember that politics may be a practice – it’s all about reaching mature compromises, developing relationships and getting results; continually draw a distinction between the people and the matter; target interests, not positions; continually get options for mutual gain; and always apply objective criteria.

Ernie Hicks been writing articles online for nearly 2 years now. Not only does this author specialize in change management ,you can also check out his latest website about:
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Lifestyle Modification to Stop Hair Loss

Most of the time, brittle hair is nothing more than a nuisance brought on by neglect and too many chemical services. However, a number of serious diseases and conditions cause dry, brittle hair. For this reason, every new case of brittle hair should be evaluated by a medical professional if the exact cause is unknown. This is one way to stop hair loss.

Chemical services lift the protective, cuticle layer of the hair to penetrate the middle, cortex layer. The cortex layer contains structures that determine the strength, color and texture of the hair. Chemical services alter these structures to change the appearance of the hair. Repeated chemical treatments undermine the strength and integrity of the hair structure, causing the hair to become dry and brittle. One way to stop hair loss is to avoid chemical services and treatments as much as possible.

Certain medications and medical treatments severely damage hair. Medical treatments for major illnesses, surgery, transplants and gastrointestinal bypasses also cause limp hair.

You may find your hair becoming brittle from different factors including exposure to extreme wind or sunlight. It is also best that you protect your tresses from excessive heat especially exposure under strong sunlight because this can dry your hair and make it even more brittle.

Oftentimes, you may even find that the water that you wash your hair with and even swimming can do a lot of damage to your hair, causing it to lose nutrients and become dry or brittle. When swimming, protect your hair from chlorine in swimming pools by wearing a swimming cap. Do not forget to rinse after going into a pool to minimize absorption of chlorine in your hair.

By using good products you not only stop hair loss, you also have a much better chance of giving your hair back some of the essential vitamins that have been taken away. Brittle hair can be enhanced by avoiding the use of shampoos that contain alkaline or alcohol. Regular trimming is an effective way to get rid of split ends. Aside from that, it is relevant to use a leave-on conditioner often and deep conditioner at least once a week to keep your hair healthy and moisturized.

Recently, there were promising and unique inventions on hair loss treatments and these inventions contain natural or organic ingredients that have been proven to combat the main culprit of balding which is DHT. An herb that is utilized by prominent companies that produce products to treat the condition is saw palmetto.

Natural hair treatment to stop hair loss is proven and has been used by many men and women. The herbal remedies to stop hair loss as well. A laser hair regrowth is the advanced treatment to improve your scalp blood flow.

Countrywide Loan Modification Guidelines For You

With the changes introduced by President Obama in the loan modification guidelines, it has become comparatively easier for homeowners to get a favorable report in and change their financial conditions. Of course, the guidelines are a bit strict and you need to be adept in providing the right paperwork coupled with a perfect application.

Sometimes the paperwork of any bank can seem a bit too strict but with the right amount of preparation, you can get the application approved. You should clear any doubts that you have instantly so that you do not face any hurdles while applying.

All the paperwork which you provide to the bank for approval is a means to get your financial status verified. You should be able to show that the monthly payments amount more than 31% of your monthly income. This is a good way to get the modification approved. Also, if you are able to show that there are problems which you are facing or might face in the future, then your modification application almost gets approved instantly.

The modification provides a lot of advantage for you in the form of deference in the principal amount, lower rates of interest and finally an extension of the payment period which may extend to a gargantuan 40 years. If you are one of those people who get too confused with the paperwork, then there is the alternative of hiring someone for doing the paperwork. But if you do it yourself, there is the advantage of saving some money. Also, it would give you firsthand experience of the entire process.

Before applying for the modification, get all the information you can from the bank. This will make your work easier and also reduce the apprehension about the entire process. Make an honest effort and you are sure to sail through the formalities in a breeze!

To learn more about getting assistance from Countrywide Loan Modification program for your home payment, visit http://www.mortgage-modification-loan.org/loan-modification-top-10-questions where you’ll find this and much more, including how to apply for a home loan modification with success.

ADHD Behavioral Modification – Awareness Training

In the area of managing ADHD behavior management there are three basic options; behavioral therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and awareness training. In this informational article titled “ADHD Behavior Modification” we will be discussing awareness training.
 
The ADHD personality is a complex mix of productive and unproductive behavioral attributes. The key is minimizing or change the problematic ones and maximizing the productive ones. It is as if this type of personality is constantly performing a circus high wire act. It they can just stay balanced long enough to get to the other side they will be successful in managing their condition. The problem lies in the fact that with such challenging symptoms as inattention, distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity it is almost impossible to make it without falling off. Think about it this way, if you lose your balance only to regain your footing you will eventually make it to the other side.
 
Awareness training is an attempt to get the ADHD personality to think in the here and now. There are many different forms of this promising technique. Part of the broad ranging appeal of awareness training is that it can benefit almost alone. This form of behavioral management is most effective when a coach is involved.
 
There are many ways to increase awareness. You may remember the old martial arts movies where the student was blindfolded and taught to grab the renegade fly. While this extreme teaching method seems outlandish it does fit the basic criteria of ADHD behavioral modification. Now, let’s move on to more tangible awareness techniques.
 
* Meditation – The ADHD personality has a busy mind, moving from thought to though in rapid fashion. They have trouble staying focused and love to start new projects only to leave them unfinished. The goal of meditation is to slow the number of thoughts down to a trickle allowing you to eventually focus on one thought at a time. Focus on slow relaxed breathing and releasing those unwanted thoughts. You may be surprised how quickly you are able to identify and overcome some of the more common ADHD symptoms.
 
* Yoga – Yoga has helped people become more aware of themselves and their surrounding for hundred of years. If you can find a coach who both understands ADHD and yoga this approach could prove to be very beneficial.
 
There are many other mind/body therapies such as Tai chi, sensory integration and certain martial arts that would be good alternatives as well. Ultimately, your goal is to focus your attention on how you feel, what you think, and how you act. Understanding these issues will prove helpful in determining where you behavior comes from and giving you the information needed to formulate a plan to change it.
 
Additionally, many people with ADHD are choosing to combine the benefits of behavioral modification with alternative remedies for ADHD. These natural ADHD remedies are very safe and have been shown to be effective in addressing such common ADHD symptoms as inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity and are an option worth considering.

R.D. Hawkins is an enthusiastic advocate of alternative natural health products and supplements with over 10 years experience. To learn more about homeopathic natural health visit Purchase Remedies.com

Modified Plastic

2009, the recession caused by financial crisis and the situation is completely different hot automobile market anomaly, the Government encourages the consumption of good policy car and car to the countryside and other activities is has fueled results. As the automotive industry in recent years, the rapid demand for plastic, plastic industry and the automotive industry in China has become “a prospering harmed” trend. Plastics industry turning to plastic modification, use of lighter, stronger, better auto parts to ease high oil prices, auto industry slump.

Car HC plastic mesh News: Modified plastic is in polymer (resin) addition of inorganic or organic small molecules, through physical or chemical action, in order to give a performance (mechanical processing performance) or to a performance improvement. Such as toughness, enhanced by plastic, flame retardant, etc., made through modification of plastics has become a rare feature, and this one should be in the car and Home Appliances Field application and development of modified plastic potential of the most significant.

Modified plastics is the most important automotive lightweight materials, parts and components not only reduces the quality of about 40%, but also can reduce procurement costs about 40%, so in recent years, a rapid increase in the amount of cars. Automotive interiors are now basically plastic-based, “Plastic in” development is driving a car with modified plastics in automotive applications continue toward a broader field of innovation.

Then present the main applications in the automotive plastics modified what, and in automotive parts application where is it? Are interested Jiugen Xiaobian together collecting about it!

I. Nylon Nylon used car engines and engine parts around the main variety is GFPA6, GF PA66 Enhance the flame-retardant PA6 and other products. (1) automobile engine peripheral parts of the application: As the main components around the engine heat and vibration components, the components used in the majority of glass fiber reinforced nylon material. This is because the nylon has good overall performance, with the modified glass fiber nylon, the main performance is greatly improved, such as strength, precision products, such as dimensional stability are greatly improved. In addition, the nylon variety, easier to recycle and reuse, and low costs, these factors contribute to the peripheral parts of nylon into the engine ideal material. Intake manifold is modified nylon in a typical vehicle application, BMW of Germany in 1990, the first glass fiber reinforced nylon as raw materials will be manufactured in the intake manifold used in six-cylinder engine; after Ford and DuPont company Cooperation Together with glass fiber reinforced PA66-made intake manifold used in V6 engine, after the world’s major car companies have followed suit, modified nylon intake manifold is widely used.

(2) In the application of automotive engine parts. Engine cover engine decorative cover, cylinder head covers and other components are generally the preferred material of modified nylon, and metal materials, compared to the cylinder head covered 50% of case quality and reduce cost by 30%. In addition to engine parts, the car’s other components can also be used by forces reinforced nylon, such as oil filters, wiper, radiator grille and so on. October 2009, DuPont nylon resins for the first time applied to Denso’s new automotive radiator end tanks. The project is DuPont can Recycled plastic Key parts in the engine the first time around, innovative applications, material properties sufficient heat under the hood and the stringent requirements of chemical corrosion.

I am an expert from Frbiz Site, usually analyzes all kind of industries situation, such as shower bath mat , orange bath mat.

Child Behavior Modification and Control Myth Busted

Many parents strive to learn child behavior modification and control techniques. Sadly, this approach is based on a faulty assumption. It assumes that parents really have control over their child’s behaviors.

The truth is, you do not have control over anyone but yourself. Even if you exert pressure in the form of rewards and punishments to change your child’s behavior, they still choose how they will behave.

You can beg, plead, cajole, punish, and urge. You may get cooperation. You may get compliance. You might even see the behavior you want to see. When they choose to cooperate, it might look like you have control, but you don’t. Before your child’s behavior changes, they have to choose to cooperate with you.

Some people would say that their children had to cooperate or else. Here’s the question to consider: Or else what? If they want to accept some type of incredibly uncomfortable, painful, or otherwise unpleasant consequence as the result of their behavior, they can. It may seem crazy, but they could choose to accept painful, negative experiences rather than cooperate with you. It is always up to them what they actually do in any given situation.

Early in our experience as parents, we found that we had a much higher success rate with our kids when we worked to influence their behaviors rather than to control them. Every time we try to control them, they push back in some way. When we use influence strategies, they generally cooperate.

Here are three of our favorite influence strategies:

  * Strive to always say please and thank-you to both your spouse and your children.

  * Talk about the behavior you want to see more than the behavior you don’t want to see.

  * Name the behavior in specific terms rather than label your child with non-specific labels. For example, say “thank you for picking-up your dirty laundry” rather than “you’re such a good boy.”

Interestingly enough, the less we try to control, the more our children cooperate. In the end, accepting that we only have influence with others (including our children) has given us more apparent “control” because they normally choose to willingly cooperate.

With his wife Sandra, Guy Harris co-created a positive parenting program called The Behavior Bucks System. Guy and Sandra Harris are both Human Behavioral Consultants and parents.

Expert Analysis: Vehicle Modification Of Four Common Elements – Conversion – Automotive Repair And

In fact, there is no fixed model car modification, so long as to be able to change according to their own imagination, to install on it. This is a culture, a spirit, a kind of enjoyment, but also an understanding of the car. In the conversion process, the owner can understand the basic performance of the car, control car and engine areas more knowledge. Related Reading: Germany, the latest modified Ferrari EDO Enzo [Photos] Increase the Sport Kit Lorinser Mercedes-Benz SL sports car modification (Photos)

Modified car are three factors: the economic strength of the owner, modification and automotive parts supply annual evaluation system. Many people have started working to their own Car Installation of new tricks, but still rare in professional internal alterations. Conversion means that cost is too specialized, small Market And low adaptability.

Converted vehicles in two ways: wearing new clothes, law and law in lamb’s clothing. In Car body Posted many good signs for the new car is like wearing the same impressive fashion, this is “The Emperor’s New Clothes”; now pop a “wolf dressed in sheep’s clothing” modification approach, the car’s engine, high-performance driving system improvements, and look a bit fixed. The event of the same model car, can immediately show the performance difference.

High flow air filter: Engine air filter is to filter the air required to operate the engine in the petrol engines have this device, in the eyes of play vehicles, the original car’s air filter is installed into the gas shortage may have suspected . Therefore, people have modified intake system to play car practice.

A lot of people think that high-volume air filters provide high-speed operation of the engine when the air flow rate is different, in fact, this view is not very accurate. Because the size of gas into the intake will not be modified to change devices, as long as the engine displacement does not change, air flow rate will not change unless the use of turbochargers. The principle is that the engine using vacuum Deputy pressure, so that outside air into the cylinder itself, but because the air through the filter into the cylinder, so the resistance of the air can not enter the same pressure to the outside world, and because the air is inertia, Therefore, modified air filter is a crucial step. Modified by the actual test engine running at high speed, Power Increase the engine running smoothly, speed feels good.

Expert opinion Install high flow air filter as far as possible away from the engine. Airflow into the engine temperature as low as possible, only low temperature can have a high density; the same time, the oxygen content also increased slightly.

If no suitable space around the engine installation, you can take with partitions separating the engine and filters.

Ordinary air filter modified with different prices for different models in between 350-800 yuan float. 10,000 km to 30,000 km need cleaning or replacement, maintenance or replacement price.

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Porsche 914 Modifications, Suggestions and Alternatives

The Porsche 914 is an extremely adaptable sports car. Introduced in 1969 the model was produced until 1976. The mid engine two seater is a small car and very nimble. The only down side with the 914 is that it was slightly underpowered. I believe this was done to keep the 914 from cutting into the market share of the Porsche 911.

The engines available in the stock 914 during the run were the 1.7L (flat-4), 1.8L (flat-4), 2.0L (flat-4), and 2.0L (flat-6). this is where the modification of the Porsche 914 begins. It is most common to rebuild one of the stock original stock engines and with the vast availability of Porsche aftermarket parts and OEM parts you can put together a very snappy 914 with acceptable horsepower increases. Where the fun is is in the installation of more productive Porsche 911 engines. The most popular engine change is the 2.7L, next on the list in popularity is the 3.0L both produce excellent horsepower and are extremely reliable. The king of the hill however is without a doubt the 3.6L which will give a Porsche 914 enough horsepower to drive just about anything off of the asphalt. When changing out the stock engine with one of the more powerful Porsche 911 flat-6 engines it is necessary to install stiffening kits into the 914 because of the increase in torque and horsepower these engines deliver.

The next natural step in the modification of the Porsche 914 is the suspension. The stock 914 used a 4 lug bolt pattern for the wheels which doesn’t leave much room for change. The stock suspension should be upgraded to the 911 in the front for the 5 lug bolt pattern which is more responsive can be upgraded easier and carry larger wheels and tires. Also the rear of the car must have 914-6 hubs installed and the trailing arms reinforced, this will also allow the use of 5 bolt pattern wheels. Changing to the 5 bolt pattern also allows you the option of using any of the Porsche fuchs wheels of the appropriate size.

Finally, the last of the Porsche 914 modifications is the body. Without taking away the original look of the 914 there are a variety of body kits available from fender kits in steel to fiber glass to Porsche 916 look alike kits. The ultimate body modification kit for the 914 is the 1964 Porsche 904 Carrera GTS Coupe. Modifying the body of the Porsche 914 will absolutely change the dynamics of the car. Everything from aerodynamics, to overall weight will create a different feel in the car which is to be expected.

When modifications to the 914 are being considered it is a personal thing. I have attempted in this short space to give you a picture of just what can be done with the versatility of the Porsche 914. Mechanical changes to effect overall performance, suspension changes to increase stability and driveability and body modification to personalize the exterior of the car. As for the interior that is where I stop. There is just to much that can be done to make the interior space of the 914 a reflection of the owner.

http://www.porschespeed.net/porsche/
Porsche enthusiast, enjoy sports car racing and auto-x as well as Porsche restoration, modification, and maintenance.