Styrene Modified Alkyd Resin Chemical Mechanism And Process Optimization

HC plastic mesh News: 1, Introduction

Alkyd resin is a polyol, multiple acid and acid condensation made a dollar a linear resin, with the synthesis of mature technology, manufacturing process is simple and easy to get raw materials and the resin coating and good overall performance characteristics of coatings used in the synthesis of resin, the largest and most widely used dosage. According to statistics reported in 1997, the National Paint 135 total tons, of which about 350,000 tons alkyd paint, accounting for 52.9% of synthetic resin; United Kingdom, the United States and other developed countries accounted for 30% to 40%, the highest synthesis resin first. However, alkyd paint also has some shortcomings, such as the film is slow drying, low hardness, poor water resistance, which will lead to extended construction period, but also affect its application. To solve the above problems, an integrated domestic and international aspects of the modified alkyd resins reported in the literature, this article through several different methods of chemical modification of alkyd resins were compared to study the mechanism of styrene-modified alkyd resin, the same time, the foundation Synthesis of alkyd resins and alkyd resins both were optimized. The results will be fast-drying alkyd resin to provide theoretical guidance for industrial production and a strong reference.

2, styrene modified alkyd resin chemistry and mechanism of the Methods

Traditional unsaturated oil (fatty acid) modified alkyd resin molecules with hydroxyl, carboxyl, double bond, ester and other reactive groups, therefore, can be chemically synthesized by means of the introduction of other active groups, so that broad chemical modification of alkyd base Jinchu chemical modification can be divided into the following categories: such as Modifier From the carboxyl function, the role of modifier and the use of the double bond from the reaction of hydroxyl chemical modification. Especially the use of chemical modification of the double bond most important chemical modification reaction, in which the most typical modified styrene, copolymerization mainly two kinds of law and pre-polymer.

2.1, copolymerization Vinyl monomer modified alkyd resin often used copolymerization. In accordance with the law of styrene copolymerization time and join in different ways, can be divided into before and after styrene of styrene of two methods.

2.1.1, the former method of styrene

Method includes pre-styrene styrene method of vegetable oils, fatty acids of styrene-based method and the method of styrene monoglyceride of three. Several methods of the above process Styrene points are as follows.

(1) vegetable oil styrene method Process of the law points are: First, styrene monomer and oil in the presence of initiator the reaction of copolymer oil this homogeneous product, the product can be prepared directly instead of vegetable oil alkyd resin. Styrene-based vegetable oil, first glycerol (pentaerythritol or other polyols) alcohol solution generation fatty acid monoglyceride and then phthalic anhydride and other multi-acid esterification.

(2) fatty acid method of styrene

Process of the law points are: first styrene and the initiator dropping into the acid containing DCO reactor, the reaction of styrene for fatty acid, and then vacuum distillation to remove the remaining styrene, further reaction cauldron by adding glycerin and other polyols in the alcohol under inert gas protection solution, and finally into the composition the amount of acid anhydride and other multi-esterification.

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Careful Selection Modified Products “cottage” Version

car modify
by Nazly

Drive a modified car driving the wind pulling at the Shennan Avenue, always keep returning attracted more than N, which is car, “Chao human family,” their first choice!

With the Shenzhen stock cars “fans” growing team, Shenzhen, modified car environment is improving, the state issued a new “motor vehicle registration requirement” in addition to some changes in the relaxation of motor vehicles , modified the procedures change much simpler. If it is not out of range modification, alteration to the vehicle within ten days after the application for registration of change management on the line, this will no doubt add new car sales market is to promote a new marketing tool.

The face of car modification lucrative market, many shops in Shenzhen car dealer 4S launched a variety of modified versions?? “Leadership Edition,” “Grand Canal Edition”, “Royal Edition”, “intellectual respect Edition “; both professional conversion shop, auto repair shops, or car accessories shops, all selling car modification products, and even beauty shop car car modification can also play signs, the market can be described as mixed ah! for consumers overwhelmed conversion market, how exactly is going on inside it?

In the automotive luxury market, the jargon of the “pieces are factory”, “deputy plant parts” is something consumers are confused. The “Genuine Parts”, “deputy factory conditions” several times the price difference between the frequent, and because the so-called “Genuine Parts”, “deputy plant parts” has not been related to the quality supervision department to be tested and identified, so identify them, really like today’s cottage between mobile phones and genuine licensed to lifelike proportions, then out to the “positive plant parts” of the money, buy a “deputy plant parts” of the goods.

According to industry sources, for many “cottage” version of modified car supplies, consumer hard to distinguish, so often pay big bucks to buy frequent cases of poor-quality goods. Used as raw materials, molds, processing of different “cottage” version of automotive supplies and the quality product the price gap between the sometimes up to 50% to 60% on the automobile tail as an example, “cottage” version of the price of only 8 90 yuan, 200 yuan while the price of quality product to consumers, even in the 4S shop several times higher than the price, also got used to things.

“Genuine Parts” and “Vice-factory parts,” the quality is not comparable, for example: a section of a goods vehicle for tailored, but the installation process because of individual differences in the vehicle itself. Its installation site is also prone to damage flammable, deformation, loss and other phenomena, to the adverse impact of vehicles; from supplies its own view, “the cottage” version of parts and supplies can not match the vehicle color, even color similar to the vehicle, but after a period of time there will be bad, discoloration, etc., in the current market order under this there is absolutely no fuss about.

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Hohhot Oil To Gas Management Of Private Cars More Difficult Hidden – Modified Car – The Automotive

Frequently as fuel prices rise, the capital of a growing number of private cars are entering the ranks of gas instead of oil, and some Modified car Plant, knowing that authorities do not allow unauthorized modification Car Circumstances, but brazenly carry out modification on private cars. Concerned that at present, the safety car for gas detection, gas system specifications, maintenance, skilled personnel qualifications, countries do not have clear standards, there are only few places in the trial developed their own regulations. Therefore, the capital of the oil to gas vehicles and tuner management is very difficult.

Oil to Gas fell in love with private car

Reporter learned that at present there are nearly 1000 in Hohhot car completed the gas instead of oil. One main reason is, and fuel compared to natural gas is cheaper.

Reporters in the capital over gas tuner cars and modified vehicles are waiting to see not only Chevrolet, BYD other brands, and even BMW, Audi and other luxury cars. East of the one in Hailar Modified car Plant, a new Touareg cars being modified. The owner told reporters that he wanted to buy a new car modified Zheliang dual fuel car, he heard people say that after the gas instead of oil can save a lot of money.

“2006 Hohhot gas instead of oil is not a lot of private cars, I spent 5,800 yuan to own Nissan Bluebird cars converted into dual fuel vehicles. To gas, I drive an average of every 3 days to go Canada 100 90 # gasoline, to gas after the 9 additional 100 gifted natural gas, a number of provinces than in the past. “Hohhot Mr Chow told reporters.

Similarly, by the end of 2009, Hohhot, Mr. Chang spent more than 8000 yuan, to own the car converted into dual fuel vehicles. Mr. Zhang detailed calculations to reporters: Mr. Zhang’s car is a 1.6 displacement, driving 200 km in the urban areas need to 100 petrol, running 200 km but only a tank of natural gas, natural gas price 2.17 yuan per cubic meter , a tank of natural gas was 25. Because when the car started, or need fuel, so in general can be about 60 per province.

Mr. Zhang said that it saved more than half of the monthly fuel costs, at the end, he will be able to save 8,000 yuan out the modification fee. Mr. Chang told reporters that more than the use of natural gas use gasoline much cheaper, more and more private cars, quietly added to the force in the conversion to natural gas.

Qualified manufacturers dared to change incomplete Although the dual-fuel vehicles

very economical, but the current market Sell Dual-fuel vehicles only Beijing Hyundai, Dongfeng Citroen and Volkswagen Jetta three brands, and styles are also single, so gas instead of oil into fuel for private cars using the only way to double.

Mr. Liu has always wanted to own a van modified by Sun Shine who recommended he decided to take a look at the import tuner car gas. In mid-March, with Mr Lau’s follow precedent to the West Ordos Road gas station near the Sun Shine watchtower natural gas import tuner cars. In the tuner, the reporter asked in detail about the staff on matters related to natural gas conversion. Staff said that this tuner is converted qualified, many taxis are fixed modification and maintenance here, and Custom Shop also responsible for refilling gas card. In this tuner’s office to see the business license and car modification permit. In the interview process, the tuner yard with two vehicles being gas instead of oil.

Ping, deputy director of Office of Hohhot Gas told reporters, currently has a capital of only two cars tuner cars modified qualification, but not a tuner with the natural gas conversion qualification.

‘s Investigation found that the capital has a lot of oil to gas automobile remodeling businesses, just near the South Second Ring, this tuner as many as seven. Some tuner even clear to customers, they are not modified qualification, but its price is lower than market price.

Gas Office: gas resources on the check from the

Hohhot Ping, deputy director of the Office of Gas told reporters, gas vehicles suitable for use in areas of abundant gas resources, so that only the country of Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Xinjiang and other places in the widespread use of gas cars. Currently, Hohhot gas vehicles are mostly used buses and taxis.

Wang Ping said that gas leaks are the biggest security risk gas car, gas leaks is easy once a security incident. In the Sichuan gas cars have more cars on gas cylinder explosion occurred in the accident, but the country as a whole, fewer such accidents occur. Hohhot the first group of gas used buses and taxis have been 5 years now, and soon to enter the hidden dangers of multiple needs related to staff expertise throughout the gas system of gas cars to conduct a full inspection, but also on the gas system components for certain maintenance and repair. Hohhot gas throughout the country to do now is find a good testing standards and successful experiences to draw on, and the departments concerned to study joint development of new standards and norms.

Ping believes that because there is no clearly defined specific, relevant for the conversion of private cars, the use is difficult to stop. To the filling stations for vehicles, filling stations staff only a simple, rough safety judgments, and not to discover the hidden dangers which exist. This year, relevant departments will jointly run gas filling units focus on norms, from the gas resources on the check, filling stations will be in accordance with the provisions of the management did not get the permits issued by the filling of private cars will not increase gas. Qualifications for the tuner, gas will run the joint authorities, at the end of the first comprehensive examination of its conduct, and to regulate.

Ping recommended that people better not to private cars for gas instead of oil, gas properties because of the relative instability, the car will cause great damage to the engine. If some people want to use gas vehicles, the proposed purchase of dual fuel vehicles, dual-fuel vehicles because the original time of manufacture, taking into account many factors such as cylinder compression, performance would be more secure. Gas cars parked as far as possible away from the fireworks, and other places where there is fire.

Gas instead of oil law

Concerned that, in addition to the formal approval of the dual-fuel vehicle manufacturers than any social groups and individuals do not allow vehicles without permission would be gas instead of oil, or to assume legal responsibility. Because the vehicles when gas instead of oil, to increase the existing fuel pipeline near the cylinders, regulators and other gas facilities, changes in the vehicle structure, according to our “Road Traffic Safety Law,” provides

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Taoist Car Repair Beam Calibrator You How To Use Modified Vehicles – Car Repair, Beam Correction –

car modify

Body Correction is by some external force will be accident damage or repair of fatigue damage to the vehicle location technology standard factory “state” process. For the “state”, which contains two meanings. “Like” is more intuitive look and shape of the “state” is a more abstract concept of a deeper level, such as metal in accordance with the internal molecular structure will re-order the original location, the internal stress is completely released, etc. it is directly related to the function after the repair of vehicles and life. Structural equipment means the body in the car plays a major role in supporting and bearing components, is the installed base of body parts, common rails, beams, door-post and beam and other parts below. Such structures typically have very high strength, combined with structural mostly closed box section, it must be taken in the repair of the means and measures, use of reasonable repair process.

Related Reading: Teach you how to use the modified vehicle beam calibrator Yantai Power Development

lion latest calibration equipment, medium and large vans frame

Tutorials how to repair the vehicle beam calibrator

Repair process in place as far as possible

Integral body correction should take place as far as possible repair methods. So that when pulled, can effectively part of the way around some of deformation “belt” out, but also because fewer components and save a lot of disassembly time. Figure 1a is a damaged front bar frame, the components for the closed box-section beam, which is connected by screws and front rails together. Typically, a lot of sheet metal Service Technicians will remove the frame after the correction, it is unscientific. Skeleton in the front bar by the impact, the impact force will cause the transmission of the front longitudinal deformation. After removing the fixed frame is not difficult to take appropriate corrective force of a moderate repair, while repair after complete skeleton on the front rail also need repair. Therefore, a better approach is to place repair, use the pull with a pair of impact deformation position to exert a force to ease the opposite direction, and then use a suitable pry bar, from the edge of an opening into it on the side of some of the skeleton Depression sites were repaired, it will get very good results.

, Of course, for non-load-type body structure parts often can be repaired using this method in place. Non-bearing-type body that is the traditional beam-type body and its frame is a separate component, usually thicker material, is “U” shaped steel or two “U” formed steel welded box reverse component, which has very high intensity. Usually can be divided into border-style ladder frame chassis and other types of bolts and the body through together. By the impact of such distortion in the frame, the usual repair method is to Drive Separate room and cargo compartment of the frame were removed after the correction. In fact, such a frame even after the removal of these components is difficult to have a good anchor method, so for some injury types of distortion can use the method of Figure 2a in place repair. Frame in the lateral bending produced by the impact can be an adequate strength of I-beam (rail steel) on the side of the vehicle, using the horse stool or wood to pad to the frame level with the use of chain the I-beam front and rear parts and the frame fixed, bend the top part of the hydraulic thrust of the method applied correction.

The same time, the method can be used to repair Figure 2b. Most cases this will bend the frame of a beam position from there, resulting in deformation of the beam at the same time. Once both sides of the beam bending in the middle did not occur when the beams should be used to separate hydraulic roof support on both sides of the bent part, to the original width, so that it can be used when applied thrust beams facilitates the transfer to another force side, easy to repair both sides simultaneously. For the upper and lower bending beams can also use this method, when corrected beam directly on the lower part of I-beam and using the same method can be repaired. However, correction should be as much as possible so that I-beam and the frame close to, in order to obtain a stable correction of force, use of chain and girders should be fixed with a suitable piece of wood or iron to prevent deformation.

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Exceed And Intermediate Jiajiao Modified Car Stereo Tips – Car, Audio, Conversion – Automotive

Present, most economic cars, in all aspects of escalation of space are large, whereas the intermediate family car itself is becoming more perfect, therefore, focus on the modification of such models is to determine the inherent advantages of the original car, and then on ” deficiencies “shall be improved.

infrastructure: an action was better than
General, mid-size car is not a low base configuration, the design is also considered more comprehensive, so in a modification, if not combined with intermediate grade of

Characteristics, random modifications, the effect is often counterproductive.
One, try not to change the original car lines “to”, because most mid-range car wiring are quite reasonable, normally do not need to re-change.

Second, do not tear waterproof membrane. Remove the door trim general, you can see the metal door frame with a layer of waterproof membrane, and many construction workers suspected of trouble, the waterproof film removed, but to do so easily lead to short-circuit and the water inside the car.

Third, to avoid the replacement of the original wiring harness. As more mid-range vehicle electrical equipment, all using the larger load of wiring harness, so do not worry because the load is too large and replace the wiring harness.

Fourth, do not arbitrarily increase the power amplifier. Many owners say that not enough sound volume, quick to add power amplifier. In fact, audio conversion, the speaker is the most fundamental, will not blindly increase the amp better, but sound quality will lead to decline.

DVD Host: product great deal of diversity in the ocean
Worth mentioning is that many mid-size car owners were happy to enjoy the DVD’s visual function, but even the luxury version of the mid-size car, few original cars have this “luxury” configuration. Therefore, in the Market , The owners often install car DVD, and faces dazzling choice. Car DVD

Currently there are two, one is made special type, the other is the import standard. These two types is different, made special model is a powerful advantage, in addition to supporting CD, MP3, DVD, and other common formats, the TV interface with USB, SD slot that surround us. At the same time, its appearance, the panel design, consistent with the location of the original car, like a factory installed after the package as more without worrying about compatibility issues, in addition, low price is one of its outstanding advantages. But its shortcomings are evident, mainly in quality is not stable enough, especially in sound quality, picture quality, durability and so difficult to satisfactory.

As for the import of the host, sound output, better quality Jiexiang obviously, but also highlighted shortcomings, first, the general shape design, and interior design of the original car in conflict with the installation standard import host, the owner generally plus another few hundred dollars should be a shell; second is standard in the price than the specific type of often expensive 25%%. View of the converted audio works are mostly consumer-level in a few thousand dollars, it made computers more sought after than the imported machines.

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Increase The Speed Of Rising Horsepower Car Converted Three Errors – Sports Cars, Modified Cars –

car modify
by Nazly

“Today you changed yet?” Already meet you greeting riders. Negative effect and Precaution is shown a modified car, regardless of the cart, car, luxury cars, low-end cars have improved much exhilaration. Driving in the street, traffic in the car more or less have modified the traces do not change the general trend seems to have not keep up with the trend of the. However, the present modified car is not mature environment, although there are quite a lot of vehicles into Madden, but not many really mature modified. Modification is not easily find a shop, a change of the exhaust pipe and mushroom head, suddenly able to achieve the desired results: significant increase in horsepower, speed surge. Moreover, if converted properly, but the same as destroying cars, such modification, you change or not change?

Question 1: economy cars loaded plus tail, poor grip!

Destroyed truck: Miss Shao open is a claw QQ , Cars may be small, but because of the change color, add a sticker, so opening the road is very eye-catching, is pulling the wind. And Miss Shao back to her car added a rear wing. But just completed conversion soon, Miss Shao Tong fast on a road in Beijing, when, suddenly felt the car floating, very poor grip. Fortunately, few vehicles on the road at that time, Miss Shao later described: Stop the car, I almost do not guarantee all his life.

Expert analysis: known as the “tail” more professional, it is called as the spoiler, more common in sports cars and Sports car . Now there are some common vehicles to fit the “tail” spoiler. Car traveling at high speed when the front vehicle will be divided into two parts air, the upper part from the vehicle passed through the lower part from the vehicle. The same time, the Department’s air car is longer than the distance through the lower flow through the air, one can imagine, the vehicle is less than the lower part of the upper air pressure, thus creating a pressure difference from the bottom up. Extreme cases, the vehicle can offset the lift generated by vehicle weight equals a total loss of vehicle suspension up and grip, this high speed of vehicles is a very dangerous thing.

Question 2: change vertical exhaust pipe, noisy!

Destroyed truck: Ma easier route into the car straight row, which came out from the exhaust manifold, remove the catalyst section and the tail row, directly to the exhaust into the air, so that the discharge effect is good, but noisy. Mr Ma said: vibration sense when traveling in the car more visible, “Like car-like ride Leap.” In addition, there is no emission of treated waste directly cause serious pollution, this is the error of the exhaust pipe modification.

Expert analysis: an exhaust pipe of excellent design takes a considerable cost to complete. Significant modifications in the engine did not do the premise, only to replace the exhaust pipe, in effect, is less clear. Nowadays, many people also replace the exhaust in the tail section, will be removed catalytic device, this will increase the emissions, the environmental protection of the position we are opposed to this practice. In addition, the choice of exhaust pipe, the muffler tube size is one of the priorities. Typically, the muffler tube is also larger for the ideal noise control, the other hand, the smaller the exhaust noise silencer tube will be larger, but also with the noise suppression exhaust pipe material, pipe barrel and silencer design is closely related to cotton materials .

Addition, some owners believe that installing a large-diameter exhaust pipe and the amazing noise, the vehicle will run faster, it is a misunderstanding, the replacement of the exhaust pipe can be said for the power upgrade is negligible, particularly For some small-displacement naturally aspirated car. On the contrary, large diameter exhaust tail pipes for low-speed torque loss of considerable impact, but more smoothly at high speeds on the power to improve the exhaust is helpful.

Question 3: too strong a fire, injury spark plug!

Destroyed car events: running the engine ignition system’s role is different in any engine speed and engine load, at the right time can provide enough voltage to spark plugs to produce enough to ignite the mixture inside the cylinder The spark for the engine the best combustion efficiency. But Mr. Zhao was driving less than six months because of the spark plug ignition system is too strong to be abandoned.

Expert analysis: There are car owners prefer to replace the discharge of a strong high pressure silicon wire and spark plug, which can enhance the ignition has indeed many, but to some extent may vary by car, the key is to know how to match; excessive ignition on spark plugs can cause some degree of damage. Modern The spark advance device has been replaced by computer-controlled engine management computer to collect engine speed, intake manifold pressure or air flow, throttle position, battery voltage, temperature, detonation and other signals, calculate the optimum ignition timing advance angle issue a fire signal to control ignition timing purposes. Ignition system modification is to make up for lack of the original ignition system, the modified goal is to reduce the magnetization time, increase secondary voltage, lower flash over voltage, an increase of spark time, reduce the transmission loss.

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Are We Being Genetically Modified

Ironically, answering this question does not require that one engage in any in-depth biotech scientific research study or become an expert in molecular biology.  Instead, one need only do a quick cost-benefit analysis to see that what’s going on here is that humans are being fed to the life-sucking machines that we know as corporations like livestock feed is being fed to cattle.

Just think about it.  Look at how fast and on how grand a scale agri-biotech companies are adding to the already long list of genetically engineered foods.  Put another way, look at how  corporate engineers are hard at work trying to quickly develop new and improved ways to make humans what are now one of the most prolific sources of genetically modified organisms to walk the earth.

Today, genetic engineering is being pitched as the world’s next savior and the leading solution to world hunger.  Technically speaking, genetic engineering is the transferring of a gene from one plant or non-plant organism to another to rapidly create a genetically modified organism with enhanced desired traits.  For instance, if an engineer wishes to produce a plant that is drought intolerant he can isolate and extract a drought resistant gene from one plant and inject it into another making that plant drought resistant.  Now allegedly, this is supposed to be for the common good as it yields larger crops which allegedly feed more people.  However, what this process really does is yield increased revenue for food producers.

So many may ask what’s so bad about that?  I’ll tell you.  For starters, the human body in its current, unmodified form isn’t wired to accept the transfer.  So, the more we inject the body with genetically engineered DNA, the more the human body fights with all its got to defend itself in an attempt to alert us of the alien intrusion so we can stop it.  Such alerts include food allergies, like celiac disease, asthma, hypertension, and other deadly diseases like cancer, diabetes and heart disease.

Meanwhile, GM food producers need for us to continue to feed its bottomless pit of revenue so they diligently work overtime to come up with new ways to modify the profit-making organisms, humans, so that we continue to feed it.  Then, to our demise, like in lab studies, this will persist until there is either a breakthrough or until the genetic transfer is accepted by the host even if it kills us, which in many instances has already happened.

Suffice it to say that this capitalist agenda is monetarily rather than ethically-based.  Meanwhile, the revolving door of our federal government that allows corporate stakeholders to head federal regulatory agencies and create policy continues to spin and feed the gluttonous beast.  So again the question is asked, are humans being genetically modified?

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Why Modified Sports Are Perfect For Children

Sports have been known to offer a lot of benefits to man, irregardless of whether the sport is done for leisure, fun, or competitive purposes. Thus, children are encouraged to engage in sports and other physical activities, as these are known to foster cognitive and physical development, which are also beneficial for their age. It is also believed that such activities also help to enhance their self-confidence and a belief they can be more successful in the future as they venture out to pursue their own career path.

But it is also natural for parents to worry about the health and safety of their children. Thus, the concept of modifying sports was innovated and is now becoming more popular as a safer option for children. In fact, it feels more like fun games while incorporating the benefits that sports has to offer them.

Tips for Modifying Sports

Modified sports offers a huge difference from the typical sports done by adults. Here is how they can be modified to make it a lot safer for the children to be involved in:

a) Reduce the size of the playing court or field.
b) Use smaller sized balls and pieces of equipment.
c) Change the rules to become more lenient due to skills limitation.
d) Reduce the amount of time spent on playing the game.
e) Add the amount of protective gears used.
f) Focus more on the game and fun aspect of it, instead of the competitive aspect of the sport.

Common Sports That Are Modified for Junior Athletes

Since the advent of modifying sports for children, there has been numerous sports that have been reduced in intensity level to make them an ideal choice for junior athletes. Some of the most popular sports currently in practice by junior athletes are cricket, golf, tee ball, soccer, netball and little athletics.

Because of the rising popularity for modified junior sports, there are also several pieces of sports equipment designed for children currently available for purchase. Parents should obtain the appropriate piece(s) of equipment as tailored to their child’s chosen sporting activity. This will increase the child’s safety during play.

Benefits of Modified Sports

If you want to get your child into sports (albeit the modified version), here are some of the reasons you should pursue it:

a) The modified version is as fun and exciting to play as the actual sport from which it was derived. Thus, children will still remain motivated to participate.
b) It is challenging enough for the younger participants, whilst increasing your child’s safety.
c) It offers a great avenue for skills development and facilitates the natural growth and progression of your child.
d) It inculcates the importance of sports and outdoor activities for your child, while eliminating the level of physical demand.
e) It offers an even playing field for children of all sizes, ages and skill level.

Janelle Farley holds a Bachelor of Commence, majoring in Sports Management and has administered junior and young adult sporting programs across Australia and the UK. She is the creator of Sport for Kids, a bible for all parents who wish to see their children living happy and healthy lives. Find out more at Because we all want happy and healthy children!

SEMA shows off modified models

Enthusiasts in the “tuner” community often purchase used cars in order to make modifications to them and turn them into highly-customized machines. Those with a gift for this sort of work can breathe new life into what many would consider to be an older automobile.

Every year, the Specialty Equipment Market Association (SEMA) show demonstrates the full potential of what can be done with a few new parts and modifications. The event, held in Las Vegas, features a number of highly-customized rides from some of the top modders in the world. MSN recently chose a few of the tuners at this year’s event in order to highlight the hidden potential lurking just underneath the hood in some popular models.


Toyota’s Scion brand is specifically aimed at tuner enthusiasts, as the Japanese automaker heavily markets the vehicles as highly-customizable rides. Yet even Toyota probably didn’t foresee what James Lin would do with his Scion tC. A see-through glass hood and a lime-green carbon fiber body are just the beginning of the extensive modifications made to this ride. Underneath the hood, Lin added a God Speed turbocharger system for enhanced power, an Air Lift suspension, DC Sport air filter, front-mount intercooler and more. Yet he didn’t focus only on performance – the interior of the car features four 6.5-inch monitors in addition to a 32 inch TV hooked up to a Blu-Ray player.


Most tuners tend to gravitate toward Asian brands, as they’re usually affordable on the used car market and easy to modify. In fact, customizing a high-end European luxury vehicle seems kind of counterintuitive.


The team at StaSIS Engineering didn’t seem to mind, as they went to work on a $ 161,000 Audi R8, calling their new ride the “Extreme Edition.” In addition to the bright red paint job and new 20-inch wheels, the team went underneath the hood to make some changes to the R8’s already-powerful 5.2-liter V10. Thanks to their modifications, the R8 is now powered by a frightening 710-horsepower engine with 523 pound-feet of torque – an 185-hp, 132 lb-ft upgrade over the factory model. Extreme, indeed.


Drivers looking to get into the tuner lifestyle might want to start with something a bit less pricey. Budding modders may want to look online for some advice, then find a used car on a budget so that they can sink money into turning it into a champion.


James Dunsford is a New Jersey used cars specialist for New Jersey Auto Auction

Super Cars at Performance, Tuning & Modified Show 2010

The PTM Show which was held in early May 2010 stands for Performance, Tuning & Modified Show. Moreover, this auto event introduced the very fastest and most famous modified cars in Europe. The racing took place at intervals between RWYB sessions and also shared the track with the King of the Street competition. With some thrilling racing happening, and a top-quality racing surface open to the public, this was a great day for both spectators and people participating in this event. Let’s take a look at the collection of the tuning and modified cars in this significant event as follows:


Nissan Silvia S14 1994


HKS Front Wheel Drive


King of the Street


Euro Sports Compact


Class X – Non Road Legal


Toyota Supra




Mazda RX7


I study about mechanic at present. My hobby is collection information about mechanic, vehicle, cars, automobile, etc.